Leonardo Gonzalez-Tzita, et al. v. City of Los Angeles, et al.
Gonzalez-Tzita v. City of Los Angeles
Case No. 2:16-cv-194 FMO (Ex)

Frequently Asked Questions


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  • This lawsuit brought federal and state law challenges to the legality of vehicle seizures undertaken pursuant to a City of Los Angeles’ “bandit taxi” program. Under that program, City officials impounded for up to thirty days vehicles City officials contended were being operated as “bandit taxis” in violation of L.A.M.C. § 71.02(a) (the City’s bandit taxi ordinance). The officials’ authority for taking the vehicles off the street without a warrant was Cal. Veh. Code § 21100.4 and/or Cal. Gov’t Code § 53075.61. An alleged bandit taxi vehicle was subjected to immediate seizure and 30-day impound even though (a) there had been no determination whether the driver, in fact, drove in violation of § 71.02(a), (b) the driver was a licensed driver competent to drive, and (c) no exception to the warrant requirement existed at the time of the vehicle’s removal from the street.

    As a result, Class Members like Plaintiffs Leonardo Gonzalez-Tzita, Esteban Diego Esteban and Sidonio Lomeli whom City officials accused of operating a “bandit taxi,” saw their vehicles seized and impounded without Fourth Amendment justification, then later had to pay hundreds and sometimes more than one or two thousand dollars in order to reclaim their vehicles.

  • You are a member of the Class if you (1) had your vehicle towed and impounded by the City of Los Angeles any time between January 11, 2014, through February 15, 2017, under the authority of Cal. Veh. Code § 21100.4 (in connection with being accused of operating a “bandit taxi”), and (2) had to pay a fee to have your vehicle released from impound. The extent of your compensation is based on a formula that takes into account the money you had to pay to retrieve your vehicle from impound as a percentage of the total impound fees paid by Class Members. Whether you are a Class Member is determined solely from the records of the City of Los Angeles and Official Police Garages that towed and impounded vehicles at the direction of the City of Los Angeles.

  • You have a right to know about a proposed settlement of this class action lawsuit and about all your options before the Court decides whether to give final approval to the Settlement. Your rights may be affected by this lawsuit.

    This information is being sent to everyone who has been determined to be a member of the Class based upon the last known address available from California DMV records, and is otherwise being publicized to reach Class Members.

    The Court in charge of the case is the United States District Court for the Central District of California, located in Los Angeles, California. The case is known as Gonzalez-Tzita v. City of Los Angeles, Case No. CV 16-0194 FMO(Ex). The people who brought the case are called Plaintiffs, and the people they sued are called Defendants. The Judge is the Honorable Fernando M. Olguin.

  • In a class action, one or more persons, called the Class Representative(s), sue on behalf of a group of people who have similar claims – the Class Members. One court then resolves the issues for all Class Members, except for those who exclude themselves from the Class.

  • The Court rejected the Defendants’ motion to dismiss the case, after which the parties began to discuss a possible settlement and to engage in discovery. There were settlement discussions over many months. The focus of the discussions was on how to compensate people who had been forced to pay money to retrieve their vehicles from impound.

    Instead of continuing the litigation, both sides have agreed to a settlement. That way, both sides are able to avoid the risks and costs of a trial regarding the damages to which Class Members may be entitled, or an appeal from any such decisions by a court; the case can be resolved immediately; and the benefits of the Settlement can be made immediately available to the Class Members. The Class Representatives and their attorneys think that the proposed Settlement is fair to the Class Members and the parties in the case, and think that the terms of the Settlement are a fair, reasonable and adequate resolution of this matter.

  • The Court has approved lawyers (called “Class Counsel”) to collectively represent you. These are the lawyers who have been handling the lawsuit for the past three years. You will not be asked to pay your own personal money for the services these attorneys and their staff have provided you in litigating this case and negotiating this settlement. Instead, the lawyers will be paid separately by the Defendants, after approval by the Court, as described further below. Only Class Counsel may act on behalf of the Class. However, that rule of law does not prevent you from hiring your own lawyer to advise you personally about your rights, options, or obligations as a Class Member in this lawsuit. If you want to be represented by your own lawyer, you may hire one at your own expense.

  • The Settlement has two parts – payment of compensation to the Class Representatives and the Class Members; and attorney’s fees. We briefly describe each below.

    a.  Damages to the Class

    The total amount to pay to the Class (which has 1,477 individuals in it) is $1,299,344.50, which will be placed in a Class Fund overseen by a professional Class Administrator. Plaintiffs’ counsel are proposing payment of special compensation to the three Class Representatives of a total of $4,500.00 for their roles in bringing and advancing the case.

    Based on a formula approved by the Court, Class Members will be assigned a percentage based upon the amount they each paid to retrieve their vehicles from impound versus the total amount of money paid by all Class Members. The Class Member’s recovery will be set by the percentage, as applied to the total amount available for Class Members ($1,299,344.50). Because the amount available equals approximately what all 1,477 Class Members paid to retrieve their vehicles, it is likely each Class Member who can be contacted will receive more than what the Class Member paid to retrieve his or her vehicle. The payments Class Members paid to retrieve their vehicles range from $164.85 as the lowest amount, while the highest amount paid is $3,775.20.

    b.  Attorneys' Fees and Litigation Costs

    The Court will be asked to award Plaintiffs’ counsel $400,000 in statutory attorneys’ fees and litigation costs (including the cost paid to the Class Administrator, which is estimated at $17,058), such that Defendants would pay these fees and costs. This figure is a substantial discount from the fees that would otherwise have been claimed (separate from compensation to Class Members) had Plaintiffs made a request for fees based on being prevailing plaintiffs. These fees must ultimately be approved by the Court after satisfying itself they are reasonable and fair.

  • As long as you qualify as a Class Member, you will be entitled to receive compensation based on the formula described above. The formula for determining the share of the Settlement Fund for each Class Member is described in question 7(a) above. The full description of the proposed system to determine how much each Class Member will receive is contained in the parties’ Settlement Agreement, which is available on the Important Documents page.

  • If you have received the Class Notice and wish to receive money from the Settlement, you need not do anything; the check will be mailed to you at the address to which the Class Notice was mailed. If you wish to receive money at an address different than the one to which the Class Notice was mailed, please call 1-844-975-1777 (toll free), or write to: Gonzalez-Tzita v. Los Angeles, c/o JND Legal Administration, P.O. Box 91208, Seattle, WA 98111. You can also download the “Update Address” form from the Important Documents page.

  • If you are not sure whether you are included in the Class, call 1-844-975-1777 or write to: Gonzalez-Tzita v. City of Los Angeles, c/o JND Legal Administration, P.O. Box 91208, Seattle, WA 98111.

    Determinations of whether you are or are not a Class Member will be based exclusively on the records of the City of Los Angeles, the Official Police Garages, and the California Department of Motor Vehicles.

  • As mentioned, the Court will be asked to award Class Counsel about $410,000. This amount includes the costs associated with the litigation which total approximately $5,116.66. The Court can award less than that amount, but not more. You will not be asked personally to pay any attorneys’ fees or costs to Class Counsel. Only if you hire your own lawyer to represent you personally would you have to pay an attorney any fees and costs.

  • The deadline to exclude yourself from the Settlement was March 17, 2020 and has passed.

  • As part of the Settlement, you release the claims covered by this lawsuit in exchange for the money you will receive if you do not exclude yourself from the Class. The Proposed Final Order of Approval and Settlement (which you may view on the Important Documents page) describes the legal claims against the Defendants you will give up by staying in the Class (that is, if you did not exclude yourself. The Released Claims include all claims, demands, causes of action, whether class, individual or otherwise in nature, damages whenever incurred, liabilities of any nature whatsoever, including costs, expenses, penalties and attorneys’ fees, that were or could have been asserted in the complaint based on the facts alleged, specifically for the impounding of vehicles accused to be bandit taxis, during the time covered by this settlement. These Released Claims include any other related complaints, grievances, and/or claims, whether judicial or administrative, and whether actually filed or available. Released Claims do not include any other claim(s) that a Plaintiff or member of the Classes may have against Defendants for conduct not covered by this settlement (for example, a claim for an incident of use of force unrelated to this suit).

  • The deadline to object to the Settlement was March 17, 2020 and has passed.

  • Objecting is simply telling the Court that you do not like something about the Settlement. You can object only if you stay in the Class. If you object and the Court rejects your objection, you remain a member of the Class and will be bound by any outcome of the case, and entitled to payment under the Settlement.

    Excluding yourself is telling the Court that you do not want to be part of the Class. If you excluded yourself, you have no basis to object because the case no longer affects you.

  • The Court held the Fairness Hearing on August 20, 2020 at 10:00 a.m. in Courtroom 6D (6th Floor) in the United States District Courthouse for the Central District of California, 350 West 1st Street, Los Angeles, CA 90012. At this Hearing, Judge Olguin considered whether the Settlement is fair, reasonable, and adequate, and determined the amount of attorneys’ fees and costs to be awarded. If there were any objections, the Court considered and ruled on them. You may have spoken at the Hearing, but only if you submitted your comments or objections as provided in the Class Notice. On August 25, 2020, the Court granted the Order re: Final Approval of Class Action Settlement.

  • No. You may have, but were not required to, attend the Hearing. Class Counsel answered any questions the Court had. However, you may have come if you chose, at your own expense. If you sent a written objection, you may have, but were not required to, come to Court to talk about it. As long as you properly submitted your written objection, the Court considered it. You may also have paid your own lawyer to attend, but that also was not necessary.

  • You would not be heard unless you submitted your comments or objections as provided in the Class Notice and stated in your submission that you wished to be heard. You could not speak at the Hearing if you excluded yourself. If you submitted an objection, the Court decided whether or not to hear from you verbally as well.

  • If you do nothing, a check will be mailed to you at the address to which the Class Notice was mailed. Your rights will also be affected. You will be bound by the terms of the Settlement and you will be agreeing to a release of the claims that are contained in the Settlement.

  • No money will be paid until after the Settlement Funds are deposited with the Class Administrator, which will only occur 30 days after the Settlement is approved and all possibilities of appeal are completed. After that, it will take at least two months, and quite possibly more, to calculate the amount due each Class Member. Check this website for this case about when payment mailings are expected, or contact the Class Administrator by either calling 1-844-975-1777 or writing to:

    Gonzalez-Tzita v. City of Los Angeles
    c/o JND Legal Administration
    P.O. Box 91208
    Seattle, WA 98111

  • Under certain circumstances, it is possible the Settlement might not go through (for example, if the Court for some reason does not approve the Settlement). In that situation, the case would move forward and go to trial.

  • This website merely summarizes the proposed Settlement. You can go to the Important Documents page to see the complete settlement documents in the case and a copy of the Motion for Award of Attorneys’ Fees and Costs when it is filed. In the event that any description in this website of the terms in the settlement documents conflict with the actual terms of the settlement documents, the terms of the settlement documents control.


For More Information

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Gonzalez-Tzita v. City of Los Angeles
c/o JND Legal Administration
P.O. Box 91208
Seattle, WA 98111